Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear. It is often accompanied by itching. Dandruff can develop at any age and it is observed that men develop dandruff more frequently than women. People who tend to have oilier hair or live with certain illnesses are at higher risk.

Flakes and an itchy, scaly scalp are the main symptoms of dandruff. White, oily flakes typically accumulate in your hair and on your shoulders and often get worse during winter months.

The exact cause of dandruff is unknown, but there are other main reasons that cause itchy flaky scalps and dandruff,

  • Irritated and oily skin can cause severe form of dandruff.
  • Unhygienic scalp or not shampooing enough causes skin cells to accumulate and create flakes and itching.
  • One form of yeast called Malassezia which cause excess skin cell growth that feed on the scalp skin.
  • Different personal care routines and products may make your scalp red and itchy that can eventually lead to dandruff formation.

In order to get rid of dandruff, one has to identify your hair type and the problems you would like to rectify with a little research and effort.

Use the right shampoo

The ideal way to treat dandruff is to use shampoos that contain zinc pyrithione or selenium sulfide. Getting rid of dandruff right away is crucial but you can avoid those visible flakes by using shampoos that contain the above-mentioned ingredients. Make sure your scalp is not sensitive to the ingredients.

Use different dandruff shampoo

Trying out different dandruff shampoos works out for many indeed. This is because different dandruff shampoos all have different ingredients in them, so using a variety might cover all the bases.

Before experimenting, it is advised to consult a dermatologist.


Do not brush your hair when its wet as the dirt in comb can accumulate on the roots of the scalp which can lead to dandruff. Also, stay away from Hair grooming products like gel or mousse because they worsen dandruff conditions.

Wash your hair when it seems dirty

Some folks insist on washing their hair daily. This could cause more damage than good. It could cause your hair & scalp to dry out. Typically, a person’s hair only needs to be washed about two or three times a week.

Get proper nutrition and rest.

Intake of important nutrients can really help your scalp health. Dandruff and Stress are two main cause that trigger hair loss.

When your body becomes deficient of certain nutrients, hair loss can result. Include resources with vitamins and other important nutrients. Additionally, poor sleep over time wears down your body’s adrenal system, impacting hormones.